Why F1 groups are divided on the following stage of Liberty's 2021 Grasp Plan | RacingLines

The post-2021 regulatory technique of Method 1 has been effervescent for the reason that starting of 2017, when Liberty Media formally acquired the business rights of F1 and named Ross Brawn, former Ferrari technical director and director of Crew of his eponymous title. the successful groups and Mercedes, in an effort to be careful for his sporting pursuits.

Though doubts stay as as to if the present very sophisticated governance technique of 2013-2020 applies to the rules supervised throughout this era or solely to people who apply throughout this mandate – and subsequently if the strategic group and, above all, Ferrari's veto over post-2021 rules – the FIA ​​and Liberty took the initiative insisting that the FIA's Worldwide Sporting Code apply to this course of.

This requires that "the amendments to the rules [sporting and technical] be amended. revealed no later than 30 June of every yr and coming into drive no sooner than 1 January of the yr following their publication, to If the FIA ​​considers that the modifications in query are more likely to have a considerable affect on the technical design of the car and / or the stability of performances between automobiles, they are going to take impact solely on January 1st of the second following yr. their publication. "

It’s clear that the modifications, arguably probably the most radical within the historical past of sport, to the extent that they introduce a monetary regulation (finances ceilings) and a reworked governance course of, may have" an affect substantial, "and should subsequently be ratified by 30 June to enter into drive on 1 January 2021. Nonetheless, the provisions of the ITUC authorize the substitute of the code by unanimous settlement.

Though the principle pillars of the regulation are in place, some storage – after the tragic demise in March of the FIA ​​Race Director and F1 Supervisor Charlie Whiting, who had performed a job main within the improvement of rules.

On the finish of April, a number of groups lobbied the FIA ​​to delay the method in October and even January of subsequent yr. On the time, their arguments weren’t motivated by sensible causes, however by the concern that better-funded groups would make the soar due to enough assets to develop each present automobiles and ideas. post-2020. Not surprisingly, their advances had been rejected.

Now, nonetheless, there are sensible issues. Clearly, the FIA ​​thinks the game can be served by delaying the presentation of the rules to the FIA ​​World Motor Sport Council for ratification till October, in an effort to kind out all the issues and make clear any (faulty) interpretation.

Todt arrived in Montreal and met with FAI crew president Jean Todt in Montreal by prior appointment to host a mobility convention and dedicate the Whiting Memorial Tower. . He requested for a unanimous deadline at a gathering of the crew leaders Saturday morning. Though all gamers agree with the logic, a gaggle of unbiased groups fears that the Monetary Rules particularly, which is in its closing kind, will likely be diluted at any time.

higher [for us]"defined a crew chief. "However there’s a good probability that main groups are pushing for greater caps or extra exclusions. That's why we’ve to remain that method, "including that McLaren, Renault, Sauber and Williams all signed a conditional letter, with Haas presumably doing the identical.

The FIA ​​convened a gathering Thursday in Paris the place the governing physique hopes to influence all groups to enroll, however in accordance with a number of crew leaders, there’s a lack of consensus on a number of facets, one describing the technical rules as being "at all times inexperienced".

Until everybody agrees on a delay, the report have to be ratified by the CMSA at its scheduled assembly on Friday – the final alternative earlier than the vote is stopped – except F1 resorts to the disorderly digital voting process – or the FIA ​​may expose itself to authorized prosecution. Equally, delaying one-year settlements would flout F1 and its administrators / enterprise house owners, and will ultimately result in prosecution.

The midfielders concern that the principles of capping prices are relaxedThe drawback is that the FIA ​​should submit the file to the WMSC members earlier than the closure of the workplaces, as a result of that is written Monday, to permit them to browse many pages of paperwork. In line with a letter despatched to all of the groups by Nicholas Tombazis, FIA Single Racing Race Supervisor and answerable for the method, may the writer of the WMSC have ratified the file with out having enough information of the content material?

and seen by CarsNews, the FIA ​​covers itself for each eventualities: it advances with the preparatory section, however would formally withdraw the report if a unanimous settlement was discovered for a delay within the assembly of the CSMS. ;October.

The file consists of 5 components: governance, monetary regulation, motor unit regulation, sport regulation and technical regulation.

Of the 5 parts, the primary three are sufficiently full to require solely minor changes. previous to implementation, sports activities rules being, within the phrases of a Liberty supply, "90% of those, requiring solely clarification".

Thus, the technical rules represent the principle level of blocking the demand for delay.

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Governance

The FIA, Liberty and the groups may have 10 votes every within the new F1 Fee. The present course of begins with (non-executive) Technical / Sport Regulatory Conferences, which offer suggestions to the Strategic Group, consisting of six groups, FIA and Liberty, with six votes per group and requiring easy majorities for motions transmitted and transmitted to the F1 Fee.

As soon as accredited by the F1 Fee (24 votes, representing all of the groups, FIA, Liberty, in addition to representatives of engines, promoters, tires, gross sales representatives and technical representatives) to 70% of the votes by majority / unanimity, the modifications are forwarded to the WMSC for ratification. and adoption. The WMSC is empowered to simply accept / reject motions however to not modify them.

In line with an knowledgeable supply of the revisions, it simplifies the method by decreasing the variety of representatives and making certain full crew illustration. The method maintains a component of stability whereas sustaining the FIA's accountability for security.

The FIA, Liberty and all groups would be the solely members of the revised F1 Fee, with every crew having one vote and the FIA ​​and Liberty Ten. votes every. On engine-only points, these distributors every have one vote. The construction is scalable, in case the variety of groups or engine suppliers will increase or decreases. Checks and balances are provided through choices for voting unanimously, by easy majority and by a fantastic majority, relying on the timing of modifications to the rules.

For regulatory modifications affecting the following season, the deadline is finish of April. applies or on the finish of September for finances cap points. A easy majority – 25 votes out of 30 based mostly on the present grid – is required for approval. A "tremendous majority" (28 votes) enters afterwards. Unanimous settlement is required for in-season modifications and voting may be by secret poll on request.

Intervals of stability are offered for particular rules similar to motor models, finances ceilings and the system 1 DNA, all that means.

The veto of Ferrari – "proper to safety" stays – 4 advisory committees must be arrange – technical, sports activities, monetary and energy models – to evaluation and advise any amendments, however they’re advisory and advisory. roles solely.

Lastly, Ferrari retains its proper of veto over the modifications to the principles of F1, which is named its "proper to safety". This issues the modifications to the principles governing meals, finance and "DNA" of F1. Sure situations have to be fulfilled, particularly the truth that the modifications will need to have a major adversarial affect on the official pursuits of Ferrari [F1].

Verdict: An easier and inclusive course of is lengthy overdue. However references to the undefined DNA of F1 go away an apparent grey space.

Monetary Rules

Nicely mentioned for greater than a decade however new for 2021, the Monetary Rules restrict sure bills of the groups. over a full yr reporting interval, and will likely be utilized by a price cap committee. They’re a part of the entry necessities and all crew personnel have to be knowledgeable of the FIA ​​rules and whistleblowing coverage.

As revealed by CarsNews final week, the whole cap is $ 175 million – rules embrace presentation conversion. Charges in Euro / GBP and Swiss Francs – Clause three itemizing sure exclusions:

Straight attributable advertising actions – Concerns offered to F1 drivers and associated events, plus journey / lodging expensesConsiderations offered to 3 individuals – apart from pilots – incomes the very best complete wage quantities All prices straight attributable to the patrimonial actions of teamsCapitalization of automobiles used throughout the particular championship seasonDamping, amortization, financing charges and taxesCost straight attributable to human, administrative and Authorized costsCosts of ownershipConstruction prices / prices incurred throughout competitions or exams and oilsCoids of dismissal (throughout the transitional interval) and employer contributions to social safety

The regulation gives for numerous sanctions, starting from pecuniary sanctions res (to be decided on a case by case foundation) to minor sporting sanctions (reprimands, deductions, suspensions, restrictions on aerodynamic or different exams and discount of the extent of price limitation) in main sporting sanctions (minor sanctions however heavier penalties).

As well as, beneath the rules, a panel awarding prices is ready – consisting of a gaggle of unbiased judges – may impose penalties on the workers of every crew answerable for any infringement.

A "versatile" implementation interval, particularly that of 2020, is deliberate as a "dry run", whereas the regulation gives for provisions for brand spanking new registrants who, all through yr previous their participation in sport, will likely be stored abreast of the salient facets of the regulation.

Verdi ct: Full regulation, however success is dependent upon constant and rigorous controls.

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Regulation of Energy Models

Steady guidelines concerning energy models ought to lower your expenses whereas Technical facets of the regulation of energy models stay little regulation gives for single-feed high-pressure gasoline pumps, and a non-exclusive provide of non-exclusive provide of vitality accumulators, turbochargers and techniques. gasoline injection.

Nonetheless, the variety of foremost parts allowed will likely be

As well as, a variety of sporting restrictions will apply, together with limits on the usage of the engine dynamometer and the vitality restoration system, with downhill runways that may be utilized over a interval of three years. For instance, the hours of operation of engine dynamometers will likely be divided by two between 2021 and 2023.

Provisions similar to the duty to supply a sure variety of groups and the utmost worth of a contract of Two-car leases for one season stay in place, the latter being maintained. a matrix base relying on the precise specification.

Verdict: The ability unit suppliers appear to be in favor of such modifications, however what occurs if the newcomers are left behind, as is the case? the case with Honda?

Sporting Rules

Observe exercise will start on Friday as a substitute of Thursday The technique is to revise sports activities rules in two phases: financial savings and leisure. The modifications to the file are primarily aimed toward decreasing prices and enhancing effectivity, whereas future modifications will intention to enhance "publicity".

5 foremost areas are lined:

. weekends beginning on Friday as a substitute of Thursday. Crews who arrive a day later ought to lower your expenses, though the jury stays out of potential financial savings. Some suspect this tactic of decreasing the variety of "days off" to permit Liberty to increase its future calendars.

The Parc Fermé guidelines will likely be in drive from Friday to scale back the settings and the automobiles must be checked. Experimental components may be mounted after scrutineering, however automobiles have to be certified or take part of their specs.

Using the gearbox will likely be pooling for the season slightly than for a number of occasions. The intention is to scale back penalties with out rising prices.

Every crew will likely be required to make use of no less than two Fridays per race weekend every year to permit novice drivers to run. These are outlined as drivers having not more than two departures at nice costs.

Pre-season trials will transfer from two four-day trials to a three-day trial pair. Once more, that is aimed toward reaching price financial savings, however the jury has not but chosen …

Verdict: It’s controversial that probably the most contentious modifications have differing views as to their effectivity.

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Technical Rules

How will F1 revolutionize the race in 2021? Its new idea automotive analyzed This regulation can be probably the most "inexperienced" (that’s to say the least full). 4 foremost aims are focused.

That is: to enhance the present (nearer races, extra overtaking, unpredictability), promote sustainability (scale back prices, enable small groups to compete, entice new entries , ecological message), and keep the degrees of know-how (innovation, relevance, relevance) and efficiency of F1 (world's quickest racing automobiles, outlined efficiency differentiators).

To this finish, Liberty has performed a number of research for this objective. the FIA ​​and its groups, to control a regulation that provides aesthetic automobiles however much less delicate to the aeronautics by decreasing the sensitivity of the "follower car". At present, the results of turbulence may be felt as much as eight lengths behind a automotive, however new aerodynamic rules ought to scale back this issue by 80%.

One other change issues the classification of the items.

Crew Particular Parts (TSCs): The mental property of which belongs to a single crew, which is definitely "listed parts". Normal Provide Parts (SSCs): manufactured by a single provider by means of the FIA ​​tendering course of. Specified Design Parts (SDC): manufactured to FIA specs. Transferable Parts (TRC): Parts offered by groups to groups, at costs agreed by price cap rules

In-season aerodynamic upgrades will likely be restricted, whereas some parts will likely be licensed for the complete season (or longer).

Verdict: the satan is hiding within the particulars, that are at the moment missing …

Aside from the required changes of sure provisions of assorted rules, the way forward for F1 over 5 years now appears broadly outlined. The hazard now could be that crew interference – particularly majors – dilutes the entire course of. Friday will let you know which approach to go.

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